Russia and Tajikistan extend dual citizenship agreement until 2026

A bilateral agreement allowing dual citizenship between Russia and Tajikistan until 2026 has been reached, while the visa-free regime remains intact.

This has led to a surge in Tajik nationals eager to obtain Russian citizenship. According to data from 2023, 66 percent of the total "new citizens" obtaining Russian passports are Tajiks from Central Asia and the Caucasus, reflecting a significant interest in dual citizenship among residents of these regions.

Russia's decision mirrors Turkey's approach, where the visa regime with Tajikistan has already become obsolete. Hundreds of thousands of Tajikistanis have long held Russian citizenship, with visas holding little significance for them. These individuals either reside in Russia, maintaining ties with diasporas, or live in their homeland, such as Dushanbe or Khujand, while also receiving pensions, social benefits, and maternity capital from Russia.

Russia's decision to maintain the visa-free regime with Tajikistan is driven by pragmatic reasons, SIA reports.

While the labor force in Turkey is already abundant, Russia requires cheap labor, making it unlikely that the visa-free regime with Tajikistan will be abolished. Moreover, an increase in migrants from Tajikistan to Russia is anticipated in the near future.

Many Tajiks have recently migrated to Turkey for work, particularly after the weakening of the ruble and stricter immigration laws in Russia. The potential abolition of visa-free travel with Turkey may prompt Tajik migrants to consider relocating to Russia instead, where many already hold residency permits, rendering visas practically irrelevant for them.

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