The destroyed infrastructure of Aghdam region should be restored
Aghdam region is an ancient land of Azerbaijan with wonderful nature. It is located in the center of Karabakh - in the northeastern foot of the Karabakh ridge, west of the Kura-Araz lowland. Being the part of Upper Karabakh region, Aghdam region was formed on August 8, 1930. The center of the region is the city of Aghdam, which is located 362 km far from Baku. The total area of the district is 1.15 thousand km2. There is 1 city, 2 settlements (Guzanli, Acharli) and 123 villages in the region. According to the State Statistics Committee, the population of the Aghdam region is 204 thousand people (as of January 1, 2020), and the number of people living in the unoccupied villages of the region is 46 569 people.
Heavy, food, and consumer goods manufacturing industries, as well as agriculture are developed in the Aghdam region. The territory of the region includes 1700 hectares of forest areas and 91.3 hectares of land suitable for agriculture. In the field of crop farming, production of vegetables - 103 tons, takes the first place. Production of cereals and legumes - 53 tons (including wheat - 45 tons) and sugar beet - 20 tons, (according to statistics for 2018) come next. Among other crop products are cotton, grapes, fruits and berries, sunflower forage, potatoes and melons. Production of meat, milk, eggs, wool products, and especially of dairy products amounting, to 36 tons (taking into account the number of livestock and poultry as of January 1 of the same year), prevail in the cattle farming sector.
Aghdam produced machine tool equipment, aerospace vehicles, and communication equipment. The region had enterprises for the repair of tractors and cars, asphalt, canning, cotton, wine, grain processing, silk cocoons, butter and cheese producing plants, mechanized bread factories, as well as carpet weaving factory. There were also 39 construction
organizations, 29 agricultural enterprises, 27 industrial enterprises, 13 collective farms, 12 state farms and 4 organizations serving them. In particular, 950 people were employed at the Plant of Machine Tools in Aghdam, which sent its products to 125 cities of the former USSR. The region had two railway stations and an airport, a car service station, a consumer services complex, an electrification and agricultural mechanization station. Moreover, the grain plant located in the region produced 80 thousand tons of products per year.
Demographic indicators of Aghdam region: according to the 2009 census, for the ethnic composition of the population, 99.9 percent are Azerbaijanis, and the remaining 0.1 percent are Russians, Lezgins, Tatars, Turks and others. 36 600 people, which makes 18.1 percent of the population, studied in educational institutions. The number of students studying in higher educational institutions was 2431 or 6.6 percent of the total of students in educational institutions.
Coming to other socio-economic indicators, the volume of industrial production in 2018 amounted to 12.6 million manat (in current prices for the corresponding year). According to statistics, among trade and public catering services, the share of retail trade turnover amounted to 43.3 million manat or 0.12 percent in the country's total turnover.
The liberation of the Aghdam region from occupation promotes the implementation of new economic initiatives. The territory of the region offers broad prospects for the creation of animal and plant growing farms and agricultural parks, industrial areas, as well as for the development of medical and sports tourism. Aghdam region has a unique perspective for creating a trade center. With the opening of wholesale and retail points of sale, it will be possible to provide wide employment for the population of the region. In addition, the area has a previous experience in the production of building materials. With the restoration of the stone quarry on the Shahbulag upland, this sector can be revived again.
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