Taiwan has identified 12 smartphone brands that do not conform with privacy standards, and the handset makers could face fines or a ban unless they address the breaches, an official at the telecoms regulator said on Friday.
Taiwan's government began to review privacy standards two months ago after media reports said smartphones made by Chinese company Xiaomi Technology could be sending user data to its home servers in mainland China without users'permission.
Mr Yu Hsiao-Cheng, vice-chairman of Taiwan's National Communications Commision (NCC), did not name any of the 12 brands, but said the investigation found that some of the smartphones could allow manufacturers to collect users' data without permission.
Others contained "imperfections" which do not conform with the law, Mr Yu said, without elaborating. The NCC's findings will be released within weeks, he added.
Smartphones from Apple, Samsung Electronics and HTC Corp were among the top-five bestselling handsets in Taiwan during the third-quarter, according to industry data firm IDC. Xiaomi said its phones were also among the 12 most popular in Taiwan.
Mr Yu said the government would ask the offending brands to modify their handsets. If they refused, the NCC could fine the companies up to TW$200 million (S$8.4 million) or ban their handsets from being sold in Taiwan.
The Taiwanese probe underscores global concerns about data security and the scrutiny Chinese tech firms are subject to as governments become increasingly wary of potential cyber security threats from the world's second-largest economy.
Asked about the Taiwan probe, Xiaomi said its devices "never actively send any private user information without the users'approval".
Taiwan-based HTC said it was working with the Taiwanese regulators to improve compliance with the required security standards.
Samsung said in an e-mailed statement that it "considers the privacy and security of consumers' data a top priority".
Apple did not immediately respond to requests for comment.