The New Azerbaijan Party was established at the initiative and with active participation of Azerbaijani intellectuals during the period of hardship of the Azerbaijan history, when the country was undergoing serious ordeal. Creation of the New Azerbaijan Party was the result of events that had taken place in Azerbaijan since 1988 and logical conclusion of the existing social-political conditions. The collapse of the Soviet regime and the Communist Party was followed by formation of various political parties and other institutions in Azerbaijan, as one of the Republics that regained their independence. Political institutions in Azerbaijan were brought into existence during the national movement, which started since 1988 and a number of organizations were established in the beginning of 1990s. However, the newly established parties could not get the country out of the hard economic, political and the spiritual crisis and on the contrary, the ruling political forces replacing one another even worsened the existing situation in the country, bringing it to the dangerous crisis. The deep political, economic and social crisis in the country aroused the concerns of the intellectuals and renown persons - the leading groups of the nation. At that moment, the persons thinking of the country's destiny came forward with an initiative to set up a new party able to get the country out of the crisis and united around the nation's wise son Heydar Aliyev to the effect.
At that time, an appeal signed by 91 Azerbaijani intellectuals was sent to Nakhchivan, to Heydar Aliyev. The document get into the modern history of Azerbaijan as the "appeal of 91 intellectuals", and in reality, it was the expression of people's wishes and will. This appeal signed by the well-known intellectuals and famous figures and personalities of Azerbaijan urged Heydar Aliyev to be the head of the new political party.
Heydar Aliyev, genius son of our people, well-known political figure, experienced politician, national leader was a chairman of the Supreme Majlis of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic then.
Although Heydar Aliyev agreed to accept the appeal of the people and because he was not allowed to arrive in Baku by those who were in power then, a 550-member initiative group went to Nakhchivan and managed to hold the constituent assembly of the party.
The conference, which gathered the representatives of all the regions of Azerbaijan, was held November 21, 1992 with Heydar Aliyev presiding at the event. The Constituent Assembly approved the decision on the establishment of the Party, the Party's Program and its Statute. Heydar Aliyev was unanimously elected as a chairman of the party. There was elected the Political Council, the Board and deputies chairman were also elected at the conference. So, there was founded the New Azerbaijan Party, which assumed a great historic mission in the history of independent Azerbaijan and became a remarkable event in the life of our people.
The New Azerbaijan Party (NAP) is a center-right political party, which functions within the Constitution and legislation of the Azerbaijan Republic, on the basis of its Statute and Program and affiliates the citizens who share the ideas of the legal state and stable, social-oriented economy and want to build a civil society.
The New Azerbaijan Party's program highlighted the main tasks aimed at strengthening the state independency, building the democratic, legal and secular state and ensuring the peaceful and prosperous life of the citizens.
The principles of independent state, lawfulness, creative progress, azerbaijanism, civil solidarity and social justice as the basis of the Party's ideology stipulate the ideological base of the political future of Azerbaijan.
The New Azerbaijan Party was registered by the Ministry of Justice of Azerbaijan Republic on December 18, 1992 and opened its regional branches and cells in all the regions of Azerbaijan within a short period of time. The program and statute adopted by the Constituent Assembly of the New Azerbaijan Party were discussed at the First Congress held on 20-21 December 1999 and adopted after being amended. According to the NAP's Statute and Program, the strategic course was set and the major aims and goals to strengthen and protect the state independency of Azerbaijan, ensure its worthy place in the modern international system and build a legal state were determined.
With the election of NAP chairman Heydar Aliyev as the President, the Party entered a new era of development. The status of the party was changed in accordance with the new situation, its position in the political life of the country was strengthened with the party stepping up its activity to become a mass political force and achieve the progress in all fields of the social life. The NAP became the ruling party as the majority of deputies elected to the National Assembly during 12 November 1995 parliamentary elections were New Azerbaijan Party members.
Heydar Aliyev was reelected as a NAP chairman at the NAP first congress. The congress also elected the new composition of the Political Council and, as advised by NAP chairman, NAP deputy chairpersons, Board members, the executive secretary and his deputies. Having YAP scored a victory at the 1999 municipality elections, thus, enjoying the great prestige locally.
Having won again at the 21 November 2000 parliamentary elections gaining 74 out of 124 seats in the parliament the Party strengthened even more its influence in the society.
An important decision was made at the 2nd congress of the New Azerbaijan Party held on November 21, 2001.
The statute was amended with Ilham Aliyev elected to the newly established post of the first deputy chairman. The congress elected the members of the Political Board comprising 108 persons and the 26-member Board.
As a result of the October 15, 2003 presidential elections, Ilham Aliyev, the NAP first deputy chairman, Prime Minister of Azerbaijan was elected the President of the Azerbaijan Republic.
At the December 17, 2004 municipality elections, the NAP achieved another success.
At the third Congress of the New Azerbaijan Party held on March 26, 2005, Ilham Aliyev, the President of Azerbaijan Republic, the first deputy of the NAP chairman was unanimously elected as the chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party. The congress elected 102-member Political Board and 25-members Board as well. 17 members were elected to the Control-auditing commission.
The New Azerbaijan Party sealed an emphatic victory at November 06, 2005 parliamentary elections securing 62 seats.
The fourth congress of the YAP was held on August 2, 2008. The congress adopted a historical decision by nominating party Chairman, Mr. Ilham Aliyev for the next presidential term. YAP`s candidate, Mr. Ilham Aliyev was elected the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan by winning a landslide victory (88.7%) in the presidential election held on October 15, 2008.
On December 16, the New Azerbaijan Party proposed to make amendments and additions to the Constitution of Azerbaijan Republic (to 29 articles). After supporting YAP`s proposal, the Milli Majlis of Azerbaijan adopted a referendum act on "making amendments and supplements to the Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan" on December 26 and made a decision to schedule a referendum for March 18, 2008. The New Azerbaijan Party set up a "New Azerbaijan" initiative group and con